Colchicine: Colchicine is a medication prescribed to reduce inflammation associated with gout. Grapefruit or grapefruit juice should not be consumed when taking Colchicine.
Hyperuricemia: high blood levels of uric acid
NSAIDs: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen (Advil) work by reducing pain and inflammation.
Purines: Purines are a compound found in some food sources. During the process of digestion, purine-rich foods such as red meat and seafood release uric acid into the blood. Elevated uric acid levels contribute to the development of gout.
Podagra: Gout of the big toe
Pseudo-gout: The symptoms of gout often mimic those of pseudo-gout, or “false gout”. The difference is between the two is that while gout is characterized by uric acid crystals; pseudo-gout is characterized by calcium in the joint, especially in the knee.
Tophi: Tophi are uric acid crystals that accumulate in the soft tissue of the joint. Tophi often form in the elbow, fingers or toes and can cause joint damage. Tophi can also form in the ears.
Uloric: (Febuxostat): Uloric is a medication prescribed to prevent uric acid production.
Uric acid: Uric acid is a by-product of purine digestion. Blood uric acid levels are often elevated in individuals with gout. The aim of gout treatment is to lower uric acid levels through changes to diet, weight loss or via medications.
Uric acid crystals: Uric acid crystals may form in joints in the presence of excess uric acid. These crystals are identified as foreign invaders and ‘attacked’ by the immune system. This attack results in intense pain, swelling and inflammation (often experienced as a sharp and/or burning sensations).